Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tends to occur more often in people who have certain genetic or chromosomal conditions. About 10% of children with Autism are also identified as having down syndrome, fragile x syndrome, tuberous sclerosis or other genetic and chromosomal disorder.
Parents who have a child with ASD have a 2%- 18% chance of having a second child who is also affected.
Children born to older parents are at a higher risk for having ASD.
Studies have shown that parents of children with ASD notice a developmental problem before their child’s 1st birthday. Concerns about vision and hearing were more often reported in the first year and differences in social, communication, and fine motor skills were evident from 6 months of age.
Even though ASD can be diagnosed as early as age 2, most children are not diagnosed with ASD until after age 4.
Treatment options include educational/behavioral interventions, medications, and other therapies.
Often children with ASD do not understand how to play or engage with other children and may prefer to be alone.
Many children with ASD engage in repetitive movements or unusual behaviors such as flapping their arms, rocking from side to side, or twirling.
Children with ASD tend to thrive on routine, that changes to daily patterns of life-like an unexpected stop on the way home from school-can be challenging.
About 20-30 % of children with ASD develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood